the "Broken Windows" theory, zero tolerance specifies the same
punishment for minor offenses as it does for major offenses and applies
theses laws to either a certain group (adolescents and teenagers; people
of color; people of a cetain socioeconomic status; people with
disabilities; former criminals, etc.) or to everyone.
Zero tolerance guidelines first applied to drug abuse during the 1980s
when it was thought that a stiff sentence for a minor offense would show
the rest of the American public that their government meant business and
everyone would stop using drugs. Instead, there was a an increase in
the number of drug users and other conventional crimes escalated sharply
because the penalty for conventional crimes was much less than drug
crimes. As a result, a successful attorney can enter a plea
bargain for the lesser crimes and have the judge drop the drug
charges. However, for those who were merely arrested for drug
charges, the result was not always as favorable.
Today, society considers zero tolerance a
mistake, even though there are many still serving time. The only way
these individuals will be released from prison is if there is a sudden
economic disaster in the US.
this as a form of harm
reduction. In it's simplest form, gradualism stretches the
time period that a person may have to get off a drug. In other
words, you can still do drugs in the program, naturally, this method is
intended to wean individuals off a certain drug. It does not work
that well since, like zero tolerance, it is focused on complete and total
abstinence as the goal.
|During the 1990s, harm
reduction was introduced to Europe. It is the first healthy approach that
allows one to avoid problems associate with overdosing. The
principal behind harm reduction is to eliminate the dangers associate with
||There are some who
believe that society can not always tolerate every drug. Heroin is
sometimes the drug where many draw the link,
||Stopping something that
is already being produced or in motion is "prohibition."
During the 1920s, prohibition of alcohol led to products that were far
||Total Tolerance covers
the entire spectrum. It means a society that is healthy and trusting
enough to allow the people the right
to do what they want. Total tolerance can mean total
freedom. Total tolerance is applied in closed
situations. For example, a psychological program that costs $200,000
a day will bring rich folk into an environment where they might act out
their fears and aggression so they can feel important and loved.
(Anyone who can afford to pay $200,000/day should already know they are
loved. If not, it would seem like a hopeless case.)
||Like Total Tolerance,
pro-positive choice covers everything. The difference is that PPC allows